Hypertension is the most common type of diseases of this age and is more often seen in middle aged and older people. Hypertension or high blood pressure is the added pressure in the arteries and veins due to clogging or weakening of the blood vessels causing for the heart and the vessels to work harder. This increased pressure of the passage of blood than normal is recorded on mercury and have some standard figures. It is written in dual numbers, the first number showing the systolic pressure which is when the heart beats. While the second number shows the pressure in the vessels when the heart of resting between the beats, known as diastolic pressure. An average blood pressure for a normal person is recorded to be less than 120/80.
In order to better understand the hypertension condition it is good to know the disease and stages of hypertension in which it acts. Each of the stages of hypertension that are going to be mentioned now have been established by reputed national committee comprising of an expert team at the National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute. During the determination of these stages, each of the hypertension stages were based on an average of seated readings of blood pressure that were two or more than two in number and that too accomplished in repeated office visits. First these stages were determined to be three but this team has concentrated them into two broad stages.
The first category comes that of the pre-hypertension phase. This phase is characterized if the blood pressure of a person ranges from 120 to 139 and the lower range is from 80 to 89. These figures indicate the risk of getting hypertension in later ages. Therefore, if these are seen, the doctor immediately advises certain lifestyle changes along with diet recommendations that would prevent the onset of hypertension. These include leaving smoking and drinking, exercising, having low sodium in food, having low fat and losing weight. Medication is only recommended in the case when all this is not working.
After this range of blood pressure the first hypertension stage comes. If the systolic is from 140 to 159 and the diastolic is from 90 to 99, then you have protracted blood pressure and it is in hypertension stage 1. The lifestyle changes that would be recommended by the doctor would be same as above but in addition to that you will have take medication as well. That also would most probably be a diuretic which will lower blood pressure by expelling all the sodium and excess fluid from the body. The second stage has the range even higher than this. If your systolic ranges from 160 or higher and diastolic is from 100 to higher then you have got hypertension stage 2. In this stage lifestyle changes are to be strictly adhered along with heavy medications. Medications are to be used in collaboration which means the diuretic will be used along with another type known as antihypertensive drug in order to control the situation.
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